Bioenergy and biomass-based products diversify the business opportunities in the forest cluster. In particular, biorefineries, which could be integrated into the saw mills and pulp and paper mills, seem to have immense future potential. The raw material quality requirements of wood and bark of future biorefineries may differ from those of the current industries. For traditional products, like solid wood and engineered wood, high density and strength is appreciated. Pulp and paper products have different quality requirements including fibre length and low lignin content.The session welcomes research presentations related the key characteristics of wood biomass that are relevant for different biorefinery processes. Transportation and storing properties of the feedstock for biorefineries will be also discussed.
Chair: Dr Risto Korpinen
Bioenergy is promising form of renewable energy which potentially has economic, social and environmental benefits. However, its production erodes its environmental benign due to land use competition. Recently, bioenergy production on degraded lands has gained global interest because of its potential to provide multiple benefits: to meet energy demand, improve degraded environment, and to enhance people' livelihood. These benefits have attracted many countries to promote bioenergy consumption and support technology, knowledge and policies in relate to its production. However, the production would be not feasible without active landowner participation. This paper presents study on investigating factors affecting landowner’ preferences for bioenergy production by analyzing 150 landowners with ex-fire experience on their lands in Central Kalimantan Indonesia using Firth’s logistic regression model. The results indicate that bioenergy production on degraded land using energy species, nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum) gains less landowner preference (8%). Majority of them (76%) preferred well-known species such as sengon (Albizia chinensis) and rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) for the restoration of degraded land and a readily available market. Landowner preferred nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum) are particular landowners revealed a capacity to handle the uncertainty of the bioenergy market because they had additional jobs and income, had migrated from Java where nyamplung is prevalent, and preferred agricultural extension to improve their technical capacity. These results contribute to identifying key conditions for a bottom-up approach to bioenergy production from degraded land in Indonesia: a stable bioenergy market for landowners, application of familiar bioenergy species, and agricultural extension support for capacity building.