Policy networks are structures in which actors negotiate and try to influence policy processes, outputs and outcomes. These networks are increasingly gaining attention by scholars of environmental governance, who are trying to analyze complex environmental policy challenges such as climate change mitigation. To identify and implement policy responses to these challenges, governments need the cooperation of other actors to formulate and implement policies and achieve policy outcomes. With an expanded role for both business and civil society stakeholders in policy making, diverse forms of consultation have become institutionalized, and different interest groups now use power relations to mobilize support and resources in shaping policy outcomes according to their organizations’ objectives.
In CIFOR’s policy component, we use policy network analysis as one of the theoretical and methodological approaches to analyzing national policy processes and to investigate:
- Who is involved and influential in national REDD+ policy making?
- What are actors’ perceptions, interests and power relations?
- What are their networks of information, finance, and collaboration and conflict?