Monday | May 5th     15.15 - 16.45

Governance: Governing access and securing rights to land and resources

Hosted by World Agroforestry Centre; Rights and Resources Initiative, Center for International Forestry Research; Kemitraan

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Insecure titles over land, and unclear land and forest-use rights continue to hamper the efforts of the rural poor to secure their livelihoods throughout Southeast Asia. Agricultural expansion, illegal logging, new road infrastructure and settlements, mining concessions and increasing demands for land for food, fodder, fiber and bioenergy crops continue to result in the loss of forests and the increased vulnerability of communities who depend on land and natural resources. The exclusion of women and other marginalized groups from decision-making, rights and access to forest resources and benefits, especially where the value of land and forests has increased, continue to pose distinct governance challenges in many countries where there is weak implementation capacity. Recent tenure reforms provide greater legal recognition of customary and local authorities, indigenous territorial rights, and women’s rights. However, implementation of these reforms has been uneven and has led to mixed results, including in some cases, increased tenure insecurity.

Key questions and issues addressed in the session:

  • How has traditional land been secured?  Case study: Ancestral domains in the Philippines
  • How have social movements by indigenous peoples affected current land reforms and forest reforms? Case study: Current land reforms and indigenous people’s movement in Indonesia
  • Social Forestry initiatives and successes in the ASEAN region
  • Tenurial dynamics in specific ASEAN countries, especially Cambodia
  • Tenure and gender dynamics.

Background reading: