The thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP13) was held in Cancun, Mexico, from 4 to 17 December 2016.
During CBD COP13, about 10,000 participants, including state representatives and international organizations, met in Cancun to negotiate agreements and commitments for the conservation of biodiversity, and its sustainability into the future.
The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) brought the latest scientific research, insights and experiences to discussions held alongside the negotiations. CIFOR scientists presented important and innovative research regarding landscape restoration, food security, gender in forestry and REDD+.
Explore this site to find out more about CIFOR sessions and presentations at CBD COP13.
Climate change is a major challenge for meeting the SDG2. One evident side effect of climate change is loss of biodiversity. This loss has far reaching implications and the smallholders on the frontline of climate change are suffering most. The joint side event concentrates on ongoing and future efforts combining the fight against biodiversity loss, hunger and the fight against climate change, focuses on countries’ experiences and showcases the importance of anticipating, absorbing and reshaping for climate resilience in agriculture sectors, including early warning systems, insurances, social protection and climate risk sensitive finances and investment at scale.
Smallholder farmers face daily struggles to feed their families and their communities, maintain their livelihoods, and respond to increased climate risks. In this context, how can they incorporate biodiversity conservation to the challenges they already face?
What type of policy and financial instruments are required for smallholder farmers to become agents for conservation of biodiversity, rather than contributors to environmental degradation?
Organizers: International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
Moderators: Terry Sunderland, Team Leader for Sustainable Landscapes and Food (CIFOR)
Margarita Astralaga, Director of Environment and Climate (IFAD)
Chikelu Mba, Team Leader, Seeds and Plant Genetic Resources, Plant Production and Protection Division of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
Alejandro Argumedo, Director of Programmes at Asociacion ANDES
8 December 2016
13:15-14:45 Contact Group 2 Meeting Room, Universal Building, Main floor
Forests play a critical role in the implementation of concrete actions to counter impacts from climate change, poverty, and food insecurity. Recognizing the importance of forest biodiversity in agricultural production, a memorandum of understanding (MoU) was signed on 12 October 2012 between the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), the International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF, also known as “World Agroforestry Centre”), the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and Bioversity International, partners in the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry: Livelihoods, Landscapes and Governance (CRP6 Partner Centers) and the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity). The MoU aims to facilitate activities concerning the research of CGIAR’s Programme and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.
The side event will provide an overview of the main activities undertaken and explain how such actions are contributing to the Strategic Plan on Biodiversity 2011-2020 and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. The event will also highlight opportunities for future CGIAR support to the CBD agenda, and the commitment of this partnership by way of an extension of the MoU for another four years.
Organizers: CGIAR (CIFOR, Bioversity International, ICRAF, CIAT) and the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity
Catalina Santamaria, Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD)
Complementing the roles of agriculture and forestry to achieve socio-ecological and sustainable development priorities
Forested lands play an important role in the production of food, fuel, fiber and the provisions of other goods and services critical for human well-being. The quality and quantity of wild crop relatives and other forms of biodiversity, that underpin production systems, also benefit from forests in different ways.
The long-term sustainability of agricultural production and overall food systems profit from the ecological functions of forests and trees as well. Key benefits include soil conservation, water cycling, pollination, pest and diseases regulation, carbon sequestration and storage, nutrient conversion, nitrogen fixation and habitat protection, including for pollinators. For agriculture, the biodiversity in forest ecosystems is a key component to ensure nutritional diversity, as well as a continued flow of yields, with lowered costs. Tackling food security and biodiversity conservation in forests, in the face of climate change, requires a better understanding, as two mutually supportive objectives in managed landscapes.
However, every year large areas of forested land are being lost. The majority of crop and livestock production systems are, unfortunately, still contributing to negative environmental externalities, and agriculture remains the most significant driver of global deforestation.
With population growth expected to exceed nine billion people globally in 2050, and current patterns of consumption and production adding pressure to already scarce natural resources, meeting the world’s demand for food and forest-based products will require innovative, cost-effective and inclusive measures. Climate change presents an additional threat, already affecting agriculture and food systems in many regions. This compounds the challenge to achieve food security, sustainable land management and poverty eradication goals.
While the implications need to be better understood, several countries are already enabling productive sectors to become more resilient and able to adapt to climate change, contributing to the reduction and removal of greenhouse gas emissions, where possible. The Forest and Agriculture Day will bring the perspectives of different stakeholders to describe why, how and who are championing solutions for producers to improve their livelihoods, increase productivity and reduce losses and waste.
With support from:
Braulio Dias (SCBD) and Terry Sunderland (CGIAR rep)
Discussion topic: Translating commitments into practice – How to measure impacts on various aspects of sustainability
Dietmar Stoian: Principal Scientist, Bioversity
TRASE, a new kind of transparency platform: Sarah Lake, Head of Programme, Drivers of Deforestation, Global Canopy Programme
High Conservation Values Assessments: Planning private sector expansion of agricultural commodities to minimize impact on climate and biodiversity: Paulina Villalpando, Executive Director of the HCV Network
Towards ecosystem and climate-smart restoration for sustainable livelihoods, food security and biodiversity conservation: A landscapes perspective to address multiple priorities
Combating the degradation of land, forests, and ecosystems has become an urgent policy priority. In this session, the Collaborative Partnership on Forests (CPF) and several other members of the Global Partnership on Forest and Landscape Restoration (GPFLR) promote the concept and practice of forest landscape and ecosystem restoration, striving for enhanced coherence between the various initiatives.
CIFOR’s work on forest landscape restoration is supported by:
Country experts present their implementation approaches, prioritized activities and potential for alignments of their restoration targets. Organizations present analysis, and offer insights on approaches and modalities for achieving targets in a coordinated manner.
Carlos Alberto de Mattos Scaramuzza (Brazil)
Beatriz Cardona, Instituto Nacional de Bosques (Guatemala)
Marcial Amaro, Assistant Secretary, Department of Environment and Natural Resources (Philippines)
Janne S. Kotiaho, Professor of Ecology, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Jyväskylä (Finland)
Perspectives from Ethiopia, Malawi, Kenya, Ghana (TBC)
Discussion Topic: Ways and means for organizations to use partnership arrangements to leverage actions that contribute to shared restoration goals at the national level.
Peter Besseau, Director, International Affairs Division of Natural Resources, Canadian Forest Service
Opportunity for CPF and GPFLR partners, countries and initiatives to highlight how their work is supporting an alignment of national restoration actions to the CBD objectives and Aichi Biodiversity Targets.
Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR); Collaborative Partnership for Sustainable Wildlife Management (CPW); Conservation International (CI); Equidad; Governments of Canada, Mexico and others to be confirmed; Indigenous Women’s Biodiversity Network (IWBN); United Nations.